An Existential Criterion for the Normal and Abnormal Personality in the Works of Viktor Frankl. Summary.

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  • Additional Information
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      abnormal personality
      existential dichotomy
      human essence
      human nature
      normal personality
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Background. This is the last in a series of four articles scheduled for publication in this journal. In the first article (Kapustin, 2015a), I proposed a new "existential criterion" for the normal and abnormal personality that is implicitly present in the works of Erich Fromm. According to this criterion, normal and abnormal personalities are determined, first, by their position regarding existential dichotomies, and, second, by particular aspects of the formation of this position. Such dichotomies, entitatively existent in human life, are inherent, two-alternative contradictions. In the other articles (Kapustin, 2015b, 2016a), I showed that this criterion is also implicitly present in the four famous personality theories of Freud, Adler, Jung, and Rogers. Objectives. To provide evidence that this criterion is present in the personality theory of Viktor Frankl and to present a comparative analysis of all six theories of personality. Results. The existential criterion for the normal and abnormal personality based on the works of Fromm is also implicitly present in theoretical conceptualizations of personality, predisposed and non-predisposed to developing various psychological problems and to mental disorders, by Freud, Adler, Jung, Rogers, and Frankl, although in more particular forms, related to more specific existential dichotomies, characterizing the nature of human life. Conclusion. The fact that the existential criterion is present in these six theories of personality, developed within totally different approaches to psychology and psychotherapy, is evidence of a high degree of its theoretical justification and of the possibility of their integration. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
    • ISSN:
      2074-6857
    • Accession Number:
      10.11621/pir.2020.0210
    • Accession Number:
      143897134
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      KAPUSTIN, S. A. An Existential Criterion for the Normal and Abnormal Personality in the Works of Viktor Frankl. Summary. Psychology in Russia. State of the Art, [s. l.], v. 13, n. 2, p. 140–153, 2020. DOI 10.11621/pir.2020.0210. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=143897134. Acesso em: 24 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Kapustin SA. An Existential Criterion for the Normal and Abnormal Personality in the Works of Viktor Frankl. Summary. Psychology in Russia State of the Art. 2020;13(2):140-153. doi:10.11621/pir.2020.0210
    • APA:
      Kapustin, S. A. (2020). An Existential Criterion for the Normal and Abnormal Personality in the Works of Viktor Frankl. Summary. Psychology in Russia. State of the Art, 13(2), 140–153. https://doi.org/10.11621/pir.2020.0210
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Kapustin, Sergey A. 2020. “An Existential Criterion for the Normal and Abnormal Personality in the Works of Viktor Frankl. Summary.” Psychology in Russia. State of the Art 13 (2): 140–53. doi:10.11621/pir.2020.0210.
    • Harvard:
      Kapustin, S. A. (2020) ‘An Existential Criterion for the Normal and Abnormal Personality in the Works of Viktor Frankl. Summary’, Psychology in Russia. State of the Art, 13(2), pp. 140–153. doi: 10.11621/pir.2020.0210.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Kapustin, SA 2020, ‘An Existential Criterion for the Normal and Abnormal Personality in the Works of Viktor Frankl. Summary’, Psychology in Russia. State of the Art, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 140–153, viewed 24 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Kapustin, Sergey A. “An Existential Criterion for the Normal and Abnormal Personality in the Works of Viktor Frankl. Summary.” Psychology in Russia. State of the Art, vol. 13, no. 2, Apr. 2020, pp. 140–153. EBSCOhost, doi:10.11621/pir.2020.0210.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Kapustin, Sergey A. “An Existential Criterion for the Normal and Abnormal Personality in the Works of Viktor Frankl. Summary.” Psychology in Russia. State of the Art 13, no. 2 (April 2020): 140–53. doi:10.11621/pir.2020.0210.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Kapustin SA. An Existential Criterion for the Normal and Abnormal Personality in the Works of Viktor Frankl. Summary. Psychology in Russia State of the Art [Internet]. 2020 Apr [cited 2020 Oct 24];13(2):140–53. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=143897134