The Itineraries of Geography: Jan Huygen van Linschoten's Itinerario and Dutch Expeditions to the Indian Ocean, 1594-1602.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Dutch colonialism
      epistemology
      history of geography
      Indian Ocean
      travel writing
      colonialismo holandés
      epistemología
      escritos de viaje
      historia de la geografía
      Océano Índico
      Language of Keywords: English; Spanish
    • Subject Terms:
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      522293 International Trade Financing
      334511 Search, Detection, Navigation, Guidance, Aeronautical, and Nautical System and Instrument Manufacturing
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Jan Huygen van Linschoten's 1596 Itinerario, published in Amsterdam just before Dutch world hegemony, opened the Indian Ocean world for the European geographical imagination, especially regarding its spice markets and non-Christian cultures. Linschoten confirmed rumors in Europe that the Portuguese Estado da India had become decadent and unstable, especially in its capital Goa. He also mentioned the absence of Portuguese control in the market of Bantam, which would become the capital of Dutch Indonesia. In addition, the book disclosed nautical and economic information about the Indian Ocean until then carefully guarded by the Portuguese, especially about the Spice Islands. In fact, the book's navigational section was published early so it could be on board the so-called First Voyage organized by the Dutch. This article discusses the main features that made the cartographic, cultural, and economic information of the Itinerario crucial to this historical expedition. Historicizing the discipline of geography is indispensable for understanding how travel and technology affect what can be known of the planet. Following Foucault's understanding of the production of knowledge, the central argument is that the Itinerario inaugurated a leap in the Dutch geographical 'episteme' and a new struggle for the Indian Ocean. Linschoten's humanist scholarship was from the start a multiplicity of knowledges and voices that could be read and used in many ways. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      El Itinerariode JanHuygen van Linschoten de 1596, publicado en Amsterdam poco antes de la hegemonía holandesa global, abrió el mundo del Océano Índico a la imaginación geográfica de los europeos, en especial lo tocante a sus mercados de especias y culturas no cristianas. Linschoten confirmó los rumores que circulaban en Europa de que el Estado da Índia portugués se había tornado decadente e inestable, especialmente su capital Goa. Él también mencionó la ausencia de control portgugués sobre el mercado de Bantam, que llegaría a ser la capital de la Indonesia holandesa. Además, el libro reveló información náutica y económica sobre el Océano Índico, hasta entonces cuidadosamente ocultada por los portugueses, en particular la relacionada con las Islas de la Especiería. En efecto, la sección del libro sobre navegación se publicó primero, de suerte que pudiese estar a bordo del llamado Primer Viaje organizado por los holandeses. En este artículo se discuten los rasgos principales que convirtieron en crucial la información carográfica, cultural y económica del Itinerario para esta histórica expedición. Historiar la disciplina geográfica es indispensable para entender cómo el viaje y la tecnología afectan lo que se pueda conocer del planeta. Siguiendo el pensamiento de Foucault sobre la producción de conocimiento, el argumento central que se presenta aquí es que el Itinerario inauguró un salto en el "episteme" geográfico holandés y una nueva contienda por el Océano Índico. Desde el principio la erudición humanista de Linschoten fue una multiplicidad de conocimientos y voces que podrían interpretarse y utilizarse de muchas maneras. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Annals of the Association of American Geographers is the property of Taylor & Francis Ltd and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1Department of Geography, University of Minnesota
    • Full Text Word Count:
      18074
    • ISSN:
      0004-5608
    • Accession Number:
      10.1080/00045608.2010.520227
    • Accession Number:
      57483012
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      SALDANHA, A. The Itineraries of Geography: Jan Huygen van Linschoten’s Itinerario and Dutch Expeditions to the Indian Ocean, 1594-1602. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, [s. l.], v. 101, n. 1, p. 149–177, 2011. DOI 10.1080/00045608.2010.520227. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=57483012. Acesso em: 30 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Saldanha A. The Itineraries of Geography: Jan Huygen van Linschoten’s Itinerario and Dutch Expeditions to the Indian Ocean, 1594-1602. Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 2011;101(1):149-177. doi:10.1080/00045608.2010.520227
    • APA:
      Saldanha, A. (2011). The Itineraries of Geography: Jan Huygen van Linschoten’s Itinerario and Dutch Expeditions to the Indian Ocean, 1594-1602. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 101(1), 149–177. https://doi.org/10.1080/00045608.2010.520227
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Saldanha, Arun. 2011. “The Itineraries of Geography: Jan Huygen van Linschoten’s Itinerario and Dutch Expeditions to the Indian Ocean, 1594-1602.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 101 (1): 149–77. doi:10.1080/00045608.2010.520227.
    • Harvard:
      Saldanha, A. (2011) ‘The Itineraries of Geography: Jan Huygen van Linschoten’s Itinerario and Dutch Expeditions to the Indian Ocean, 1594-1602’, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 101(1), pp. 149–177. doi: 10.1080/00045608.2010.520227.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Saldanha, A 2011, ‘The Itineraries of Geography: Jan Huygen van Linschoten’s Itinerario and Dutch Expeditions to the Indian Ocean, 1594-1602’, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, vol. 101, no. 1, pp. 149–177, viewed 30 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Saldanha, Arun. “The Itineraries of Geography: Jan Huygen van Linschoten’s Itinerario and Dutch Expeditions to the Indian Ocean, 1594-1602.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, vol. 101, no. 1, Jan. 2011, pp. 149–177. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/00045608.2010.520227.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Saldanha, Arun. “The Itineraries of Geography: Jan Huygen van Linschoten’s Itinerario and Dutch Expeditions to the Indian Ocean, 1594-1602.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 101, no. 1 (January 2011): 149–77. doi:10.1080/00045608.2010.520227.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Saldanha A. The Itineraries of Geography: Jan Huygen van Linschoten’s Itinerario and Dutch Expeditions to the Indian Ocean, 1594-1602. Annals of the Association of American Geographers [Internet]. 2011 Jan [cited 2020 Nov 30];101(1):149–77. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=57483012