The Worlds of Work: Formal Knowledge and Practical Abilities in Diderot's Encyclopédie.

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    • Alternate Title:
      Arbeitswelten: Formales Wissen und praktische Fähigkeiten in Diderots Encyclopédie.
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    • Abstract:
      The article discusses Denis Diderot's "Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers," which was divided in three areas that used to reflect on the economic activities in society: the sciences, the liberal arts and the mechanical arts. At the time, the three areas did not receive the same treatment. Thus, the mechanical arts had been neglected and looked upon with contempt. According to Diderot, it was time to give artisans and the mechanical arts their due respect. Diderot's intention was to bring together members of different crafts in order to give greater dignity to the weaker ones. The article presents pieces on different items such as needles, watch making, silk, and more. A further distinction is then pursued between industry and arts.