Before Boas : The Genesis of Ethnography and Ethnology in the German Enlightenment

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  • Author(s): Vermeulen, Han F.
  • Series:
    Critical Studies in the History of Anthropology
  • Publication Information:
    Lincoln : University of Nebraska Press. 2015
  • Additional Information
    • Publication Type:
      eBook.
    • Abstract:
      The history of anthropology has been written from multiple viewpoints, often from perspectives of gender, nationality, theory, or politics. Before Boas delves deeper into issues concerning anthropology's academic origins to present a groundbreaking study that reveals how ethnography and ethnology originated during the eighteenth rather than the nineteenth century, developing parallel to anthropology, or the “natural history of man.” Han F. Vermeulen explores primary and secondary sources from Russia, Germany, Austria, the United States, the Netherlands, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, France, and Great Britain in tracing how “ethnography” originated as field research by German-speaking historians and naturalists in Siberia (Russia) during the 1730s and 1740s, was generalized as “ethnology” by scholars in Göttingen (Germany) and Vienna (Austria) during the 1770s and 1780s, and was subsequently adopted by researchers in other countries.Before Boas argues that anthropology and ethnology were separate sciences during the Age of Reason, studying racial and ethnic diversity, respectively. Ethnography and ethnology focused not on “other” cultures but on all peoples of all eras. Following G. W. Leibniz, researchers in these fields categorized peoples primarily according to their languages. Franz Boas professionalized the holistic study of anthropology from the 1880s into the twentieth century.
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Related ISBNs:
      9780803255425. 9780803277403. 9780803277380.
    • Accession Number:
      911492562
    • Accession Number:
      1016571
    • Publication Information:
      Print/Save 100 pages
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  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      VERMEULEN, H. F. Before Boas : The Genesis of Ethnography and Ethnology in the German Enlightenment. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2015. ISBN 9780803255425. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1016571. Acesso em: 5 jun. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Vermeulen HF. Before Boas : The Genesis of Ethnography and Ethnology in the German Enlightenment. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press; 2015. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1016571. Accessed June 5, 2020.
    • APA:
      Vermeulen, H. F. (2015). Before Boas : The Genesis of Ethnography and Ethnology in the German Enlightenment. University of Nebraska Press.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Vermeulen, Han F. 2015. Before Boas : The Genesis of Ethnography and Ethnology in the German Enlightenment. Critical Studies in the History of Anthropology. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1016571.
    • Harvard:
      Vermeulen, H. F. (2015) Before Boas : The Genesis of Ethnography and Ethnology in the German Enlightenment. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press (Critical Studies in the History of Anthropology). Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1016571 (Accessed: 5 June 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Vermeulen, HF 2015, Before Boas : The Genesis of Ethnography and Ethnology in the German Enlightenment, Critical Studies in the History of Anthropology, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, viewed 5 June 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Vermeulen, Han F. Before Boas : The Genesis of Ethnography and Ethnology in the German Enlightenment. University of Nebraska Press, 2015. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1016571.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Vermeulen, Han F. Before Boas : The Genesis of Ethnography and Ethnology in the German Enlightenment. Critical Studies in the History of Anthropology. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2015. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1016571.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Vermeulen HF. Before Boas : The Genesis of Ethnography and Ethnology in the German Enlightenment [Internet]. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press; 2015 [cited 2020 Jun 5]. (Critical Studies in the History of Anthropology). Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1016571