Compacts of Free Association: Improvements Needed to Assess and Address Growing Migration. Report to Congressional Requesters. GAO-12-64

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  • Source:
    US Government Accountability Office. 148 pp.
  • Publication Date:
    2011
  • Language:
    English
  • Publication Type:
    Reports - Evaluative; Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
  • Additional Information
    • Author(s):
    • Availability:
      Full Text from ERIC Available online: https://eric.ed.gov/contentdelivery/servlet/ERICServlet?accno=ED577165
      US Government Accountability Office. 441 G Street NW, Washington, DC 20548. Tel: 202-512-6000; Web site: http://www.gao.gov
    • Peer Reviewed:
      N/A
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      U.S. compacts with the freely associated states (FAS)--the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), the Marshall Islands, and Palau--permit FAS citizens to migrate to the United States and its territories (U.S. areas) without regard to visa and labor certification requirements. Thousands of FAS citizens have migrated to U.S. areas (compact migrants)--particularly to the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), Guam, and Hawaii, which are defined as affected jurisdictions. In fiscal year 2004, Congress appropriated $30 million annually for 20 years to help defray affected jurisdictions' costs for migrant services (compact impact). Though not required, affected jurisdictions can report these costs to the Department of the Interior (Interior), which allocates the $30 million as impact grants in proportion to compact migrant enumerations required every 5 years. This report: (1) describes compact migration; (2) reviews enumeration approaches; (3) evaluates impact reporting; and (4) reviews Interior grants related to compact impact. GAO reviewed U.S. agency data, recent enumerations, impact reports, and grants and it also interviewed officials, employers, and migrants in the affected jurisdictions. GAO recommends that Interior assess the 2013 enumeration approach, disseminate adequate guidance on estimating compact impact, and encourage uses of grants that better address compact migrants' impact and needs. Interior generally agreed with the report but did not support the recommendation on grant uses.
    • Abstract:
      ERIC
    • Number of References:
      0
    • Physical Description:
      148
    • Intended Audience:
      Policymakers
    • Publication Type:
      ED573141
    • Journal Code:
      APR2018
    • Publication Date:
      2011
    • Accession Number:
      ED577165
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      US GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE. Compacts of Free Association: Improvements Needed to Assess and Address Growing Migration. Report to Congressional Requesters. GAO-12-64US Government Accountability Office. [s. l.]: US Government Accountability Office, 2011. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=ED577165. Acesso em: 24 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      US Government Accountability Office. Compacts of Free Association: Improvements Needed to Assess and Address Growing Migration. Report to Congressional Requesters. GAO-12-64. US Government Accountability Office; 2011. Accessed November 24, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=ED577165
    • APA:
      US Government Accountability Office. (2011). Compacts of Free Association: Improvements Needed to Assess and Address Growing Migration. Report to Congressional Requesters. GAO-12-64. In US Government Accountability Office. US Government Accountability Office.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      US Government Accountability Office. 2011. “Compacts of Free Association: Improvements Needed to Assess and Address Growing Migration. Report to Congressional Requesters. GAO-12-64.” US Government Accountability Office. US Government Accountability Office. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=ED577165.
    • Harvard:
      US Government Accountability Office (2011) Compacts of Free Association: Improvements Needed to Assess and Address Growing Migration. Report to Congressional Requesters. GAO-12-64, US Government Accountability Office. US Government Accountability Office. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=ED577165 (Accessed: 24 November 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      US Government Accountability Office 2011, Compacts of Free Association: Improvements Needed to Assess and Address Growing Migration. Report to Congressional Requesters. GAO-12-64, US Government Accountability Office, 1 November, US Government Accountability Office, viewed 24 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      US Government Accountability Office. “Compacts of Free Association: Improvements Needed to Assess and Address Growing Migration. Report to Congressional Requesters. GAO-12-64.” US Government Accountability Office, US Government Accountability Office, 1 Nov. 2011. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=ED577165.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      US Government Accountability Office. “Compacts of Free Association: Improvements Needed to Assess and Address Growing Migration. Report to Congressional Requesters. GAO-12-64.” US Government Accountability Office. US Government Accountability Office, November 1, 2011. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=ED577165.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      US Government Accountability Office. Compacts of Free Association: Improvements Needed to Assess and Address Growing Migration. Report to Congressional Requesters. GAO-12-64 [Internet]. US Government Accountability Office. US Government Accountability Office; 2011 Nov [cited 2020 Nov 24]. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=ED577165