The Poetic Device and the Problem of Sincerity in Gavrila Derzhavin's Verse.

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  • Author(s): GOLDBERG, STUART H.1
  • Source:
    Slavonic & East European Review. Apr2017, Vol. 95 Issue 2, p221-251. 31p.
  • Document Type:
    Article
  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      This article presents, through historically contextualized close readings of Derzhavin's poetry, a new approach to the study of sincerity in verse. Rather than look at sincerity per se (and its potential ideological and rhetorical inconsistencies), the author examines the 'sincere voice', exploring the pragmatic framings and especially the ephemeral poetic devices which facilitate its inscription in verse. He argues that the sincere voice must be continually inscribed anew in lyric poetry and analyses examples of both success and failure in this regard in Derzhavin's oeuvre. The article begins with a reading of 'Felitsa' (1782) -- the audible sincerity of which is confirmed in contemporaries' reactions -- centring on the subtle modulations and shifts in dynamics, not reducible to stylistics, which help to generate the sense of a 'human' voice in the poem. The poetic devices Derzhavin developed in 'Felitsa' are then contrasted to a different set of innovations which structure 'Izobrazhenie Felitsy' ('Felitsa's Portrait', 1789) and which fail in the end, for various reasons, to generate the sincere voice, as reflected in the uneasiness both poet and readers have demonstrated regarding this latter poem's sincerity. The article ends with a reading of 'Na Schast'e' ('On Fortune', 1789), examining the impact of Derzhavin's construction of an ironic odic strophe and his structuring of a proto-lyric hero speaking with both candour and reticence. This reading takes particular note of Derzhavin's use of various types of irony, including self-deprecating irony, as a component of the sincere voice. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Slavonic & East European Review is the property of Modern Humanities Research Association and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1Associate Professor of Russian at the Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta
    • ISSN:
      0037-6795
    • Accession Number:
      10.5699/slaveasteurorev2.95.2.0221
    • Accession Number:
      123429353
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      GOLDBERG, S. H. The Poetic Device and the Problem of Sincerity in Gavrila Derzhavin’s Verse. Slavonic & East European Review, [s. l.], v. 95, n. 2, p. 221–251, 2017. DOI 10.5699/slaveasteurorev2.95.2.0221. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hlh&AN=123429353. Acesso em: 30 nov. 2020.
    • AMA:
      GOLDBERG SH. The Poetic Device and the Problem of Sincerity in Gavrila Derzhavin’s Verse. Slavonic & East European Review. 2017;95(2):221-251. doi:10.5699/slaveasteurorev2.95.2.0221
    • APA:
      GOLDBERG, S. H. (2017). The Poetic Device and the Problem of Sincerity in Gavrila Derzhavin’s Verse. Slavonic & East European Review, 95(2), 221–251. https://doi.org/10.5699/slaveasteurorev2.95.2.0221
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      GOLDBERG, STUART H. 2017. “The Poetic Device and the Problem of Sincerity in Gavrila Derzhavin’s Verse.” Slavonic & East European Review 95 (2): 221–51. doi:10.5699/slaveasteurorev2.95.2.0221.
    • Harvard:
      GOLDBERG, S. H. (2017) ‘The Poetic Device and the Problem of Sincerity in Gavrila Derzhavin’s Verse’, Slavonic & East European Review, 95(2), pp. 221–251. doi: 10.5699/slaveasteurorev2.95.2.0221.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      GOLDBERG, SH 2017, ‘The Poetic Device and the Problem of Sincerity in Gavrila Derzhavin’s Verse’, Slavonic & East European Review, vol. 95, no. 2, pp. 221–251, viewed 30 November 2020, .
    • MLA:
      GOLDBERG, STUART H. “The Poetic Device and the Problem of Sincerity in Gavrila Derzhavin’s Verse.” Slavonic & East European Review, vol. 95, no. 2, Apr. 2017, pp. 221–251. EBSCOhost, doi:10.5699/slaveasteurorev2.95.2.0221.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      GOLDBERG, STUART H. “The Poetic Device and the Problem of Sincerity in Gavrila Derzhavin’s Verse.” Slavonic & East European Review 95, no. 2 (April 2017): 221–51. doi:10.5699/slaveasteurorev2.95.2.0221.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      GOLDBERG SH. The Poetic Device and the Problem of Sincerity in Gavrila Derzhavin’s Verse. Slavonic & East European Review [Internet]. 2017 Apr [cited 2020 Nov 30];95(2):221–51. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=hlh&AN=123429353